Tēnā koutou katoa

Nau mai haere mai

Ko Ōhuiarangi tōku maunga

Ko Tāmaki tōku awa

Ko Waitematā tōku moana

Ko Macleans College tōku whanau

Ko English Department tōku ingoa

Kia ora, and welcome to the Macleans College English Department. It is the hope of the English team here at the College that you will learn to love the English language by looking at how it is used by various authors, in various ways, across various genre.

Over the course of the year you will learn key skills that can be used not just in school, but also as part of your lifelong learning. In fact, many students have returned to school to discuss how much the content taught in AS Language not only helped their other subjects, it also helped in their career. Here are the Aims of the AS Language Course, from Cambridge.

  • enjoy the experience of studying English language
  • develop a critical and informed response to texts in a range of forms, styles and contexts, produced for a variety
    of audiences
  • communicate effectively, creatively, accurately and appropriately in their writing
  • develop the interdependent skills of reading, analysis and research
  • develop an appreciation of concepts and techniques in the study of English language
  • build a firm foundation for further study of language and linguistics.

Assessment Objectives

These are the assessment objectives from Cambridge

  • AO1 Read and demonstrate understanding of a wide variety of texts.
  • AO2 Write effectively, creatively, accurately and appropriately, for a range of audiences and purposes.
  • AO3 Analyse the ways in which writers’ and speakers’ choices of form, structure and
    language produce meaning and style.


Cambridge have stipulated the following expectations…

Candidates should be prepared to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of: 

  • the conventions of a wide range of written textual forms
    • advertisements,
    • brochures,
    • leaflets,
    • editorials,
    • news stories,
    • articles,
    • reviews,
    • blogs,
    • investigative
    • letters,
    • podcasts,
    • (auto)biographies,
    • travel writing,
    • diaries,
    • essays,
    • scripted speech,
    • narrative writing, and
    • descriptive writing
  • the linguistic elements and literary features of texts
    • parts of speech / word classes,
    • vocabulary,
    • figurative language,
    • phonology,
    • morphology,
    • rhetorical devices,
    • voice,
    • aspect,
    • tense,
    • modality,
    • narrative perspective,
    • word ordering and sentence structure,
    • paragraph- and text-level structure,
    • formality/informality of tone,
    • pragmatics
  • the significance of audience in both the design and reception of texts
  • the ways in which genre, purpose and context contribute to the meaning of texts

The following overview was presented by Julian Paterson (from Cambridge) who has nicely summarised every text you have ever read, seen, or experienced. Think about any text you have studied during your time in English and consider how the words in bold impact the understanding.

The writer or speaker

Begins with a

Purpose (an intention for the text)

And then chooses a

Genre (type of writing / text type)

They then think about how to shape the text for an

Audience (the person / people who will consume the text)

At the same time the writer or speaker needs to consider the

Context (the situation in which the audience will receive the text)

Once that is done, the creator must choose an appropriate Form (shape and length)

And start to consider the appropriate words (Style) in order to create an effective


This PressBook will be the central repository for all the information you may need to support your learning. Entries will be updated week by week.

Remember, the English staff are here to assist with your learning. If you have any questions then please do let them know.

Enjoy your time in English this year.


Ko te reo te tuakiri | Language is my identity.  
Ko te reo tōku ahurei | Language is my uniqueness.
Ko te reo te ora. | Language is life.           


AS English Language Copyright © 2020 by christopherreed. All Rights Reserved.

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