6 Week 6

AS Language Programme

Weekly exercises

Word of the week: convalescence

to recover health and strength gradually after sickness or weakness
Quote of the week: “Life is what happens when you’re busy making other plans.” – John Lennon
Te Wiki o Te Reo Māori: marae – complex that includes meeting house, dining hall, forecourt, etc. Fact of the week: Sweden is so efficient, only one percent of its garbage ends up in a landfill.
Lesson Aims: to add to the ability of editing and functional skills for English mastery. Success Criteria: to recognise the expectations of the AS language paper
Keywords: Content and Context Homework: To have all work written up in notes and exercise books

1. Spelling


Write out the following paragraph (in full) highlighting the edits that you make. For example, if you have changed a lower case letter to a capital letter, highlight that capital letter.

Edit the Piece


The following paragraph has many errors. Write out the corrected version including all capitalising mistakes, misspelled words, or incorrect punctuation. 
The koala bare live in australia. It’s soul source of food and water are eucalyptus leaves. Koalas natural enemise is dogs cats dingoes lizzards snakes and foxes. Humans also kill koalas in car acidents bush fires can also clare out hole colonies of koala bares at once. For these resons, the goverment of australia has declared the koala bare a endangered species.
Do you like to ware a apron and help your mother or father cook? Even if your cooking with a grownup, its important to know how to be safe. allways wash your hans before you start to cook, or after touching egg raw meet poultry or fish. Pay attention to what your when your in the kitchen so you wont get cut or burnt.



  1. You are to write out the spelling words below into your English Language notes in preparation for a quiz on Friday. You may wish to add them to your ongoing work so as to keep a running record of words that can be used as a vocab expansion, or in a separate file / book.
  2. You will be tested on these throughout the year at various intervals. For example week 8 test will consist of all words studied thus far.
  3. You will need to find dictionary definitions for all of the below words, and hand write them into your AS Language book. NB: Mostly the google definition (eg typing in ‘necessary definition’) can be wonderful, but not always.
  4. For each word you will also need to put it into a sentence. That sentence must be grammatically correct and contain the word, as it is written below (ie no derivations) and should demonstrate that you understand what that word means. For example ‘I told Louise it was not necessary for her to come along, I knew she had other things to do.’


accentuates confronts characterises proposes foreshadows
generalises lampoons distorts minimises aggrandises
recounts extrapolates corroborates validates organises
lambasts satirises symbolises vacillates patronises

How to remember spelling words?

  1. Have the words on one page, and your practice on a separate page. Look at the word quickly and then cover it, then try to write it out – then check.
  2. Try to remember the words in order.
  3. Think up a little rhyme or tune (if you are that way inclined) to remember spelling. One of the main ones I use is the spelling of onomatopoeia where each letter fits with the tune ‘Old Mac Donald’.
  4. Try to use the word more in your day to day.
  5. Test yourself on the Monday (when you first get it), Tuesday, and then Thursday. Science says that gap on Wednesday will provide the most help.

2. Grammar

The Tenses of Verbs

A verb tenses is a form of a verb that shows a time of action or a state of being.

Tense means time and it is a property of verbs.

Six Basic Forms (tenses of verbs)
A. Present tense shows an action presently or habitually happening, or a fact or general truth.

I. If the sentence expresses a permanent action.
* The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.

II. If the sentence shows habitual action.
* He goes to church every Sunday.

III. If the sentence expresses an on-going action.
* The students are researching in the library now.

B. Past tense shows past action or a state or condition that occurred in the past.

* They transferred to a new building yesterday.
* They danced last night.
* Jannette recited the poem well.

C. the Past perfect tense denotes

I. An action completed before another past action.
* He had left when I arrived. (In this case the first action uses the perfect tense while the second uses the simple past.)
II. A condition that was true in the past but is no longer at the time of speaking.
* She had seen that before.

D. Future tense – expresses an action that is yet to be done, or shows that something will
happen or will be done in the future.
– a verb phrase using the auxiliary verbs will/shall+ the simple form of the verb.
– Am/is/are + going to

* Will you visit me tonight?

* They will pass their project next month.
* I shall return.
* Mae Ann is going to Cebu next week.

E. The present perfect tense denotes

I. An action which started in the past and is continuing in the present. This tense uses has/have + the past participle of the main verb.
* Cha-cha has eaten her dinner.
* Don-don has submitted his project.

II. An action which is completed at the time of speaking.
* I have just taken my examination.
* I have gone to the school.

F. The future perfect tense denotes.

I. An action that will be completed before another action.
* Before I leave, Monique will have gone.

II. An action that will have completed at some definite future time.
* By next week, the court will have decided on the case.
* This tense uses shall/will + have and the past participle of the main verb.

3. Speed Writing


Task: In your English book you need to write out the following sentence as quickly as you can in one minute. The aim of this exercise is to write as fast as you can, but also as legibly as you can. It doesn’t have to be your neatest writing, but it should be close.


Have a pick: twenty-six letters — no forcing a jumbled quiz!

Make a note of your speed, and rate your legibility out of 5. We will continue to develop this over the term.

4. Speed Reading


Speed Reading Test

It’s All Relative

By John D. Whitman

In one sense, the twentieth century really began in 1879 in the town of Ulm, Germany. That year witnessed the birth of Albert Einstein, whose work would overturn the world of physics.

By 1886, Einstein’s family had moved by Munich, Germany, and Einstein continued his education there. When the family moved to Milan, Italy, in 1894, Einstein elected to remain behind. He tried to enter a school for electrical engineering in Zurich, Switzerland, but failed the entrance exam. Undaunted, Einstein entered a secondary school, where in 1900 he received a teaching degree in mathematics and physics.

He tried once again to enter a university, but again he was rejected. With the help of a friend, he obtained a job as a patent clerk in Bern, Switzerland. In that patent office, working in his spare time without close contact to any of the other great minds in physics, Einstein changed the world.

By 1905, Einstein had written three papers. Of these, the second was in many ways the most famous. It became known as the Theory of Relativity. With this paper, Einstein tackled an idea that had nagged at him for years. It had already been proven that light always travels at the same speed.

But what happens, Einstein asked, if we chase after a ray of light while we are traveling at the speed of light? We might guess that the light we’re chasing would seem to stand still, or at least move more slowly, since we’re going at the same rate. But Einstein proved that this was incorrect. Even if you could go that fast, light always seems to be moving away from you at the speed of light. This notion broke every rule of physics known at the time.

This discovery confirmed that many of the laws of physics aren’t set in stone. Instead, Einstein’s discovery seemed to point to the fact that laws give different results depending on where the observer is standing or how fast he is moving. In other words, results are only meaningful relative to your position in space and time. Nothing is fixed. It’s all relative. Einstein submitted his paper to the journal Annals of Physics, which was edited by Max

Planck, one of the men whose work Einstein had used to create his own theory. Reading through the document, Planck realized that, quietly and calmly, Einstein had turned the scientific world on its head.

Mark your time in your English Book with Today’s Date: _____ minutes _____ seconds.

Respond to Statements: Immediately answer the following statements to the best of your ability WITHOUT looking back at the reading. That’s cheating!

Complete the task in your English book.

Estimate the number of answers you believe are correct and put the number in the blank provided.

Without looking back at the reading passage, respond to the following statements by indicating whether the statement is True (T), False (F), or Not Discussed (N).

  1. ______ Albert Einstein is best remembered for his work with physics.
  2. ______ Einstein was born in Germany.
  3. ______ Einstein was able to get into any school he wanted.
  4. ______ Einstein received a degree in teaching.
  5. ______ When Einstein worked in the patent office, he learned a lot from other scientists.
  6. ______ Einstein married three times.
  7. ______ Einstein’s most famous work is his Theory of Relativity paper
  8. ______ Einstein set many laws of physics into stone
  9. ______ Einstein’s theory of comparativity states that a body in motion perceives light differently than a body at rest.
  10. ______ Max Planck was a close relative of Albert Einstein.



Now, estimate how many of these answers you believe you have correct out of ten _____

9 Guidelines For Thinking about reading

Choose 3-4 of the following concepts and try to focus on how you will incorporate them into your own reading development.

  1. Be open-minded about new ideas.
  2. Don’t argue about things you know nothing about.
  3. Know when you need more information.
  4. Be aware that people have different ideas about the meanings of words.
  5. Know the difference between something that must be true and something that might be true.
  6. Avoid hasty generalizations.
  7. Question anything that doesn’t make sense.
  8. Separate emotional and logical thinking.
  9. Develop your vocabulary in order to understand others and to make yourself understood.

5. Summary


This text is an extract from a letter to the boss of an airline company. In it, the writer complains about his experience as a customer on a recent flight. The writer has included five photographs in his letter to Mr Richard Branson, which are not required to be copied into your book.

Dear Mr Branson

REF: Mumbai to Heathrow 7th December 

I love the Virgin brand, I really do which is why I continue to use it despite a series of unfortunate incidents over the last few years. This latest incident takes the biscuit.

Ironically, by the end of the flight I would have gladly paid over a thousand rupees for a single biscuit following the culinary journey of hell I was subjected to at the hands of your corporation.

Look at this Richard. Just look at it:

virgin atlantic complaint bhajji toast

I imagine the same questions are racing through your brilliant mind as were racing through mine on that fateful day. What is this? Why have I been given it? What have I done to deserve this? And, which one is the starter, which one is the desert?

You don’t get to a position like yours Richard with anything less than a generous sprinkling of observational power so I KNOW you will have spotted the tomato next to the two yellow shafts of sponge on the left. Yes, it’s next to the sponge shaft without the green paste. That’s got to be the clue hasn’t it. No sane person would serve a desert with a tomato would they.

virgin atlantic complaint which is dessert

Well answer me this Richard, what sort of animal would serve a desert with peas in? I know it looks like a bhajji but it’s in custard Richard, custard. It must be the pudding. Well you’ll be fascinated to hear that it wasn’t custard. It was a sour gel with a clear oil on top. It’s only redeeming feature was that it managed to be so alien to my palette that it took away the taste of the curry emanating from our miscellaneous central cuboid of beige matter. Perhaps the meal on the left might be the desert after all.

Anyway, this is all irrelevant at the moment. I was raised strictly but neatly by my parents and if they knew I had started desert before the main course, a sponge shaft would be the least of my worries. So lets peel back the tin-foil on the main dish and see what’s on offer.

I’ll try and explain how this felt. Imagine being a twelve year old boy Richard. Now imagine it’s Christmas morning and you’re sat their with your final present to open. It’s a big one, and you know what it is. It’s that Goodmans stereo you picked out the catalogue and wrote to Santa about.

Only you open the present and it’s not in there. It’s your hamster Richard. It’s your hamster in the box and it’s not breathing. That’s how I felt when I peeled back the foil and saw this:

Now I know what you’re thinking. You’re thinking it’s more of that Bhajji custard. I admit I thought the same too, but no. It’s mustard Richard. MUSTARD. More mustard than any man could consume in a month. On the left we have a piece of broccoli and some peppers in a brown glue-like oil and on the right the chef had prepared some mashed potato. The potato masher had obviously broken and so it was decided the next best thing would be to pass the potatoes through the digestive tract of a bird.

virgin atlantic complaint main course

Once it was regurgitated it was clearly then blended and mixed with a bit of mustard. Everybody likes a bit of mustard Richard.

By now I was actually starting to feel a little hypoglycaemic. I needed a sugar hit. Luckily there was a small cookie provided. It had caught my eye earlier due to it’s baffling presentation:

It appears to be in an evidence bag from the scene of a crime. A CRIME AGAINST BLOODY COOKING.

Either that or some sort of back-street underground cookie, purchased off a gun-toting maniac high on his own supply of yeast. You certainly wouldn’t want to be caught carrying one of these through customs. Imagine biting into a piece of brass Richard. That would be softer on the teeth than the specimen above.

I was exhausted. All I wanted to do was relax but obviously I had to sit with that mess in front of me for half an hour.

I swear the sponge shafts moved at one point.

Once cleared, I decided to relax with a bit of your world-famous onboard entertainment. I switched it on:

I apologise for the quality of the photo, it’s just it was incredibly hard to capture Boris Johnson’s face through the flickering white lines running up and down the screen.

virgin atlantic complaint boris

Perhaps it would be better on another channel.

Is that Ray Liotta? A question I found myself asking over and over again throughout the gruelling half-hour I attempted to watch the film like this. After that I switched off. I’d had enough. I was the hungriest I’d been in my adult life and I had a splitting headache from squinting at a crackling screen.

My only option was to simply stare at the seat in front and wait for either food, or sleep. Neither came for an incredibly long time.

But when it did it surpassed my wildest expectations:

Yes! It’s another crime-scene cookie. Only this time you dunk it in the white stuff.

Richard…. What is that white stuff? It looked like it was going to be yoghurt. It finally dawned on me what it was after staring at it. It was a mixture between the Baaji custard and the Mustard sauce. It reminded me of my first week at university. I had overheard that you could make a drink by mixing vodka and refreshers. I lied to my new friends and told them I’d done it loads of times. When I attempted to make the drink in a big bowl it formed a cheese Richard, a cheese. That cheese looked a lot like your bhajji-mustard.

virgin crime scene cookie 2

So that was that Richard. I didn’t eat a bloody thing. My only question is: How can you live like this? I can’t imagine what dinner round your house is like, it must be like something out of a nature documentary.

As I said at the start I love your brand, I really do. It’s just a shame such a simple thing could bring it crashing to it’s knees and begging for sustenance.

Yours Sincerely,

Tarun Achari

Summary Writing

  1. Firstly, summary writing is based on material that has already been written. The summary writer must decide what to include, what to eliminate, how to reword or reorganise information, and how to ensure that the summary is true to the original meaning.
  2. Two types of thinking are crucial to summarising. The first is a selection process: judgments made about what text information should be included or rejected. The second is a reduction process: ideas must be condensed by substituting general ideas for lower level and more detailed ones.
  3. Summary writing is about finding what is important in a text. The aim firstly is to work out to whom is the information important? The key is to acknowledge what is important to the author. This means that you need to look for the things that the author seems to be emphasising. Clues on this is to look at the following: introductory sentences, topic sentences, summary statements, underlinings, italics, pointer phrases, repetitions etc. See if you can spot these, and jot them down underneath your writing.
  4. Sometimes two summaries are better than one. It can be easier to get things clear in your mind first, before trying to write a summary for someone else. The skill of summary writing is key to a number of industries, particularly law, commerce, health and media. You should make sure you understand the text before trying to summarise it for others. The best idea is to make your own notes and then write the summary.


Ko te reo te tuakiri | Language is my identity.  
Ko te reo tōku ahurei | Language is my uniqueness.
Ko te reo te ora. | Language is life.            


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