10 Week 10

AS Language Programme

Weekly exercises

Word of the week: amok– in a violently raging, wild, or uncontrolled manner Quote of the week: “You have brains in your head. You have feet in your shoes. You can steer yourself any direction you choose.” –Dr. Seuss
Te Wiki o Te Reo Māori: kete– basket Fact of the week:Cleopatra had a special lipstick made for her, consisting of a crushed mixture of ants and deep red carmine beetles.
Lesson Aims: to add to the ability of editing and functional skills for English mastery. Success Criteria: to recognise the expectations of the AS language paper
Keywords: Content and Context Homework: To have all work written up in notes and exercise books

1. Spelling

 

Write out the following paragraph (in full) highlighting the edits that you make. For example, if you have changed a lower case letter to a capital letter, highlight that capital letter.

Edit the Piece

Edward Murphy was a member of an Air Force team that performed complicated experiments during the 1) 1940s his work required much preparation and perfect execution. Murphy has become renowned for 2) “Murphys’ Law,” which states that “if anything can go 3) wrong it will.” This 4) somewhat funny observation has spawned a plethora of 5) corrollaries, such as Hofstadter’s Law: “It always takes longer than you expect, even when you take Hofstadter’s Law into account.” 6) These smart comments on the perceived perversity of daily life have been published in 7) several books. Some of the volumes are general in 8) scope; some pertain to technical careers in aerospace or professional areas such as medicine or law.

 

1)
A. 1940’s, his
B. 1940s. His
C. 1940s! His
D. 1940’s – his
E. Correct as is

2)
A. “Murphy’s Law,”
B. Murphy’s Law,”
C. “Murphy’s Law”,
D. “Murphys Law,”
E. Correct as is

3)
A. wrong, it will”.
B. wrong it, will.”
C. wrong, it will.”
D. wrong it will,”
E. Correct as is

4)
A. hilarious
B. lofty
C. comical
D. laughable
E. tenuous

5)
A. corollaries
B. corolaries
C. corollarries
D. corroleries
E. Correct as is

6)
A. witty musings
B. complex phrases
C. detrimental utterances
D. sophisticated sayings
E. harmless annotations

7)
A. several books, but some
B. several books: some
C. several books, some
D. Correct as is

8)
A. scope some
B. scope. Some
C. scope & some
D. scope, while others

 

 

Tasks:

  1. You are to write out the spelling words below into your English Language notes in preparation for a quiz on Friday. You may wish to add them to your ongoing work so as to keep a running record of words that can be used as a vocab expansion, or in a separate file / book.
  2. You will be tested on these throughout the year at various intervals. For example week 8 test will consist of all words studied thus far.
  3. You will need to find dictionary definitions for all of the below words, and hand write them into your AS Language book. NB: Mostly the google definition (eg typing in ‘necessary definition’) can be wonderful, but not always.
  4. For each word you will also need to put it into a sentence. That sentence must be grammatically correct and contain the word, as it is written below (ie no derivations) and should demonstrate that you understand what that word means. For example ‘I told Louise it was not necessary for her to come along, I knew she had other things to do.’

 

tormentable tentative serene reprehensive rhetoric
revere morose orator prostrate philanthropy
prodigal novice diminutive austere androgynous
defy construct exploratory authentic bias

How to remember spelling words?

  1. Have the words on one page, and your practice on a separate page. Look at the word quickly and then cover it, then try to write it out – then check.
  2. Try to remember the words in order.
  3. Think up a little rhyme or tune (if you are that way inclined) to remember spelling. One of the main ones I use is the spelling of onomatopoeia where each letter fits with the tune ‘Old Mac Donald’.
  4. Try to use the word more in your day to day.
  5. Test yourself on the Monday (when you first get it), Tuesday, and then Thursday. Science says that gap on Wednesday will provide the most help.

2. Grammar

Thirty Basic Rules in Subject-Verb Agreement and Grammar

1. A verb agrees with its subject in person and in number.
Wrong: They doesn’t understand what to do.
Right: They don’t understand what to do.

2. The number of noun in phrase introduced by the preposition of does not affect the number of verb.

Wrong: A list of books were made by Charlie.
Right: A list of books was made by Charlie.

3. Compound subject joined by and ordinarily take the plural form of the verb.
Wrong: Here comes Alvin and Junjun.
Right: Here come Alvin and Junjun.

4. When to or more singular subjects are joined by or or nor, a singular form of the verb is required.
Wrong: A man’s success or failure lie his hands.
Right: A man’s success or failure lies his hands.

5. Intervening phrases introduced by of, with, together with, as well as, including, besides, no less than, in addition to, accompanied by, not, do not affect the form of the verb.
Wrong: The teacher, together with her pupils, were there.
Right: The teacher, together with her pupils, was there.

6. Compound nouns joined by and use the singular form of the verb if they are regarded as a unit.
Bread and butter were all she ask for.
Rice and vegetable is the staple food of the Indonesians.

7. When the subject and predicate nominative differ in number, the verb must agree with the subject not the complement.
Wrong: The theme of the essay are the experiences of our heroes.
Right: The theme of the essay is the experiences of our heroes.

8. Compound subject joined by either-or, neither-nor, not only-but also ordinarily take verbs agreeing in number with the nearer subject.
Wrong: Not only the students but also the teacher are learning.
Right: Not only the students but also the teacher is learning.

9. When the subject comes after the verb make sure that the verb agrees with its subject.
Wrong: In this school is enrolled several alien students.
Right: In this school are enrolled several alien students.

10. Never begin a sentence with a participle that does not logically modify the subject of the sentence.
Wrong: Walking around the campus, the bell rang.
Right: Walking around the campus, I heard the bell rang.

11. Sentence elements that are grammatically connected should be closed together.
Wrong: I, after the class, went to the movies.
Right: I went to the movies after my class.

12. Modifiers should be placed as near as possible to the words they modify.
Wrong: He rushed into the room just as we are singing the last song breathless with excitement.
Right: Breathless with excitement, he rushed into the room just as we are singing the last song.

13. Avoid dangling modifiers.

Wrong: Having taken the entrance examinations, the President of the college accepted me.
Right: After I had the entrance examinations, the President of the college accepted me.

14. Ordinarily, this and that take the singular form of the verb while these and those take the plural form of the verb.
That is a good idea.
These are times that try man’s soul.

15. The following indefinite pronoun belongs to the third person. Take the plural form of the verb: All, both, few, several, some.
All were satisfied.
Both are to be blamed.

16. The following indefinite pronoun, whether singular or plural in meaning are ordinarily used with the third person singular form of the verb: each, everybody, everyone, everything, any, anybody, anything, somebody, someone, something, one, thing, nobody, either, neither, the other.
Each arrives on time.
Everything is in order.

17. The title of a book is considered singular.
The “Dialogs” of Plato is great classic.

18. The word people, meaning many person in plural, Peoples refer to different races.
The people were excited about the news.
The peoples at Asia need to be united.

19. The expression the number of takes the singular form of verb, while the expression a number of takes the plural form of verb.
The number of students in the class is limited.
A number of books are on reserved in the library.

20. Noun referring to money, time measurement or distance that is preceded by an expression of amount or quantity is considered singular and take the singular form of the verb.
Five hundred dollars of apple are yours.
Four weeks is a long time to wait for you.

21. The number of the noun that follows an expression of fraction or portion determines the number of the verb to be used.
Half of the apple was eaten by the rats.
One half of the apple is yours.

22. Sentences introduced by it take the singular form of the verb.
It is time to say goodbye.
It is my duty to take care of our parents.

23. The number of the subject of a sentence introduced by there determines the verb to be used.
There are times when she is lonely.
There are six school days in a week.

24. The verb takes an s when it is used in the third person singular of the present tense.

Lionel Messie plays football vigorously.

25. The expressions one of the, the number of and a number of are always followed by the plural nouns.
One of the girls is absent.
A number of books were stolen.
The number of apples was rotten.

26. Some nouns are plural in form. Measles, mumps, pants, shorts, scissors, trousers
The news for today is about the Government’s corruption.

27. Nouns such as Mathematics, Statistics, Economics Politics, and Physics are used with the singular form of the verb when they refer to an area of study.
Mathematics is required or Math majors.
Politics is not dirty per se, but the politicians are the ones making it dirty.

28. Possession is usually shown by adding apostrophe (‘) or apostrophe and s (‘s) to a noun.
The student’s Club.

29. The infinitive of the verb is always in the simple form. To love is an adventure.
Long ago, Michael’s dream was to live in a forest.

30. Nouns singular in form but function collectively.
Information, food, equipment, jewellery.

3. Speed Writing

 

Task: In your English book you need to write out the following sentence as quickly as you can in one minute. The aim of this exercise is to write as fast as you can, but also as legibly as you can. It doesn’t have to be your neatest writing, but it should be close.

 

Bored? Craving a pub quiz fix? Why, just come to the Royal Oak!

Make a note of your speed, and rate your legibility out of 5. We will continue to develop this over the term.

4. Speed Reading

 

Speed Reading Test

April Fool’s Day: A Real Kick in the Pants!

By John D. Whitman

Mark Twain once wrote, “The first of April is the day we remember what we are the other 364 days of the year.” That day is, of course, April Fool’s Day.

On that day, schoolchildren might tell a classmate that school has been cancelled, or point down and say, “Your shoe’s untied!” More elaborate jokes

involve sending the victim on a “fool’s errand” to find something that doesn’t exist. A modern variation of the fool’s errand is “snark hunting,” where a group in the know sends a hapless individual out into the woods looking for a non-existent animal.

Where did April Fool’s Day originate? Centuries ago, many people in European cultures celebrated the New Year at the beginning of spring.

This celebration usually took place in March near the spring equinox. Since spring is a time of renewal, this new year celebration made sense.

When Pope Gregory introduced the modern calendar in 1562, moving New Year’s Day to January 1, most Europeans readily adopted the new calendar. However, those who refused to use it and, even better, those who forgot about the switch, were labelled fools. They were sent fake party invitations and given prank gifts on the old New Year’s Day.

The tradition of pulling pranks on April 1 survived long after the memory of the original meaning was forgotten. In France, April 1 is called

“Poisson d’avril.” French school children try to fool their comrades by taping a paper fish to their backs. When the classmate discovers the trick, all his friends cry out “Poisson d’avril!,” which means “April Fish!”

The idea of April Fool’s Day is celebrated in Mexico as well, but for different reasons and even on a different day. In Mexico, December 28 is “El Dia de Los Inocentes.” It is set aside as a day for Christians to mourn Herod’s slaughter of innocent children. Over the years, the tone of that solemn day changed from sadness to good-natured trickery.

In Scotland, April Fool’s Day actually lasts two days. The second day is dedicated to pranks. Some aspects of this second fools day survive in our most cherished traditional practical jokes. If you’ve ever had anyone tape a “Kick Me” sign to your back on April Fool’s Day, you can thank the Scots for every boot on your bottom.

Today’s best pranks don’t hurt anyone, and delivered in the right spirit, they usually leave even the victim laughing.

Mark your time in your English Book with Today’s Date: _____ minutes _____ seconds.

Respond to Statements: Immediately answer the following statements to the best of your ability WITHOUT looking back at the reading. That’s cheating!

Complete the task in your English book.

Estimate the number of answers you believe are correct and put the number in the blank provided.

Without looking back at the reading passage, respond to the following statements by indicating whether the statement is True (T), False (F), or Not Discussed (N).

  1. ______ When New Year’s Day was moved on the calendar to January 1, those who continued to celebrate it on April 1 were considered fools.
  2. ______ On the ancient calendar, April Fool’s Day signaled the beginning of the new year.
  3. ______ Today, children participate in April Fool’s Day coloring contests.
  4. ______ Before the modern calendar was introduced, people were imprisoned if they didn’t celebrate New Year’s Day on January 1.
  5. ______ In France April Fool’s translates into “April Fish”.
  6. ______ Mexico celebrates April Fool’s Day on March 28, just before the traditional April 1.
  7. ______ Sweden celebrates two April Fools Days.
  8. ______ Scotland is responsible for the “Kick Me” sign prank.
  9. ______ Studies indicate that April Fool’s pranks will become less innocent in future years.
  10. ______ April Fool’s Day began in the 1500s.

Now, estimate how many of these answers you believe you have correct out of ten _____

5. Summary

 

The following passage, taken from a website, advertises the qualities and facilities of the One and Only hotel-resort in the Bahamas

One and Only Ocean Club is legendary in its reputation for entertaining the world’s elite for more than 45 years. Here, service is elevated to a fine art form by gracious staff welcoming you into their colonial plantation home. Warm and inviting accommodation, and residential-style villas ideal for families. Dining that is renowned and unforgettable, featuring the imaginative cuisine of chef Jean-George Vongerichten.

A playground of world-class golf, tennis, spa indulgences, and of course, water. The elixir of Bahamian life, the spectacular blue waters of the Caribbean, are explored with a rich roster of activities – diving, snorkeling, sailing, skiing, windsurfing. And always, just relaxing along the shoreline of a pristine beach.

The Versailles inspired hotel enjoys an entire mile of private beach. The club is highly private and exclusive, and guests are pampered by butler service. The grounds at One and Only Ocean Club invite guests to stroll through the gardens or lounge in a hammock. Enjoy complimentary Aquacat and Hobiecat sailing, snorkelling, aqua bikes, paddleboats, kayaking and bicycling. Scuba lessons and diving excursions can be arranged through the Concierge. At the heart of One and Only Ocean Club is the allure of water. Miles of pristine white sand beach are described as some of the most beautiful in the world. Take a swim in the languid Versailles Pool, for adults ages 14 and older. Poolside concierge services include Evian misting, CD players and music selections, newspapers and magazines, sunglass cleaning and complimentary 5-minute foot massages. The new separate Family Pool is designed for younger guests, complete with waterfall and aqua toys.

Awards
Conde Nast Award Winner, Travel & Leisure Award Winner.

Recommended Rooms
Beachfront suites with parlors and doors that open to the water are recommended. Nestled into the resort’s intimate setting are two wings – the Hartford Wing and the Crescent Wing. With its classic Colonial architecture, the two-storey Hartford Wing offers guestrooms and suites with lovely views of the ocean or garden grounds. This wing features 50 rooms (340 sq. ft), four suites (830 sq. ft.) and a cluster of two-bedroom garden cottages located in the gardens, just beyond the pool. All Hartford Wing accommodation was completely refurbished in late 2001. The five new two-storey buildings of the Crescent Wing offer luxury guestrooms and suites, all with commanding views of endless beach and ocean from a private balcony or terrace. This wing features 40 beachfront rooms (550 sq. ft.) and 10 beachfront suites (1100 sq. ft.). All accommodation features a private balcony or terrace, central air conditioning, indoor and outdoor ceiling fans, DVD and CD players, satellite
television, Internet access, service bars, marble appointed bathrooms with double sinks, and safes. In-room guest amenities include bathrobes, signature soaps and toiletries, and other features expected in European luxury hotels.

Meeting Space
One and Only Ocean Club now offers facilities for small scale executive meetings and receptions. A new executive boardroom with seating for 20 is situated in a colonial-style building with a patio offering views of the Versailles pool and gardens. The comfortable covered patio makes an ideal setting for a banquet or pre or post meeting reception. The 850-square-foot Hartford Room is a secondary meeting option with flexible setup.

Fine Dining on Site
The Bahamanian lobster chilli is recommended at Jean-Georges Vongerichten’s Dune. Tempting flavors and enchanting aromas meld into delectable cuisine. At One and Only Ocean Club, your choices for stellar dining are exceptional. Whether you prefer a casual breakfast served on your terrace, a light lunch poolside, or an intimate dinner for two beneath a canopy of stars or overlooking the sea, there is something to satisfy every appetite. A gourmet in-room dining menu is also available 24 hours a day.

Spa Facility
The Mandara Spa is in the Balinese style, with private treatment villas, baths, and gardens. The extraordinary One and Only Spa at Ocean Club is undeniably one of the finest, most luxurious spas in The Bahamas and Caribbean. Featuring eight Balinese-style private treatment villas with open-air gardens, the Spa offers a sensual and rejuvenating experience. La Palestra, the top fitness operators in New York City, bring their talents to the One and Only Ocean Club Fitness Center through innovative design, individually-tailored exercise programs and group classes. Complimentary one-hour yoga classes are offered daily on the beach deck, and private sessions for physical and spiritual well-being are offered for a fee.

Golfing
This 18-hole, par 72 championship course is designed by Tom Weiskopf and operated by Troon Golf. Weiskopf’s PGA course features meticulous seaside green and tee settings, alternating fairways and breathtaking signature holes stretched over 7,100 yards. An on-site Pro Shop, pro and Clubhouse complement this remarkable golfing experience. Tee times can be reserved 60 days in advance of the requested day of play and will be held with the authorization of a major credit card.

Summary Writing

  1. Firstly, summary writing is based on material that has already been written. The summary writer must decide what to include, what to eliminate, how to reword or reorganise information, and how to ensure that the summary is true to the original meaning.
  2. Two types of thinking are crucial to summarising. The first is a selection process: judgments made about what text information should be included or rejected. The second is a reduction process: ideas must be condensed by substituting general ideas for lower level and more detailed ones.
  3. Summary writing is about finding what is important in a text. The aim firstly is to work out to whom is the information important? The key is to acknowledge what is important to the author. This means that you need to look for the things that the author seems to be emphasising. Clues on this is to look at the following: introductory sentences, topic sentences, summary statements, underlinings, italics, pointer phrases, repetitions etc. See if you can spot these, and jot them down underneath your writing.
  4. Sometimes two summaries are better than one. It can be easier to get things clear in your mind first, before trying to write a summary for someone else. The skill of summary writing is key to a number of industries, particularly law, commerce, health and media. You should make sure you understand the text before trying to summarise it for others. The best idea is to make your own notes and then write the summary.

 

Ko te reo te tuakiri | Language is my identity.  
Ko te reo tōku ahurei | Language is my uniqueness.
Ko te reo te ora. | Language is life.            

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